The last war that the United States entered into with approval of the Congress was the second World War. Since that time the States have violated it’s own Article I Section 8 of the Constitution several times.
With several of those war being renamed as conflicts to bypass the very foundation of the law of the United States. The “conflicts” that have been entered to were supposedly to reinstall peace. That was the way to get the UN to approve such junctions. Until the current war with Iraq which even violated the United Nations.
The wars (conflicts) that the States have entered into since WW2?
1950-1953 Korean War
1960-1975 Vietnam War
1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion
1989 US Invasion of Panama
1990-1991 Persian Gulf War
1995-1996 Intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovina
1999 – present U.S. invasion and occupation of Serbia
2001 – present U.S. invasion and occupation of Afghanistan
2003 – present U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq
What was the outcomes of the some of the “conflicts” mentioned?
The Korean War
Started on June 25, 1950 the official cease fire finish was July 27, 1953. Started by the invasion of South Korea by the South Korean army Sunday, June 25, 1950, the attack surprised the world.
America entered the war for many reasons, one of which was that Truman had appeared too “soft” when dealing with Communist countries. What a better way to disprove that then to enter into the war.
American troops were for a time under orders to consider any Korean civilians on the battlefield approaching their position as hostile and were instructed to “neutralize” them due to fears of infiltration.
Results of that action were the horrors like the murders of No Gun Ri, where women, children and old men were shot by the military.
During this 3 year conflict over 53,000 Americans lost their lives. A total of 8,142 U.S. personnel were also listed as Missing In Action.
Results of the war? The two Korean countries are still battling each other, as they had been for decades before the action. American troops are still maintaining a heavy presence.
The Vietnam War
The American part of the war with Vietnam officially started in 1959, although there had already been a large amount of troops deployed to the country since 1954. The official end of the war was April 30,1975 with the Fall of Saigon.
The war claimed 58,000 U.S. combat dead and the lives of between 2 and 5.7 million Vietnamese, a large number of whom were civilians. Although exact numbers are difficult to verify, the disparity in deaths illustrated the overwhelming superiority of U.S. firepower.
The war was a turning point for the American people. Protests were held as more and more people opposed the war. Returning veterans were treated with hatred and called among other things “baby killer.” The ravages of the battlefield wore many soldiers out, coupled with the treatment at home.
The result of the war? America lost. The Vietnam countries fell in 1975 to the Khmer Rouge.
The war still haunts us. The chemicals used in warfare have had lasting effects.
The U.S. Veterans Administration has listed prostate cancer, respiratory cancers, multiple myeloma, type II diabetes, Hodgkin’s disease, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, soft tissue sarcoma, chloracne, porphyria cutanea tarda, peripheral neuropathy, and spina bifida in children of veterans exposed to Agent Orange as possible side effects of their parent’s exposure to the herbicides. Although there has been much discussion over whether the use of these defoliants constituted a violation of the laws of war, it must be noted that the defoliants were not considered weapons, since exposure to them did not lead to immediate death or even incapacitation.
1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion
After the Cuban Revolution tensions were strong between Cuba and the United States. Starting in 1960 exiles from Cuba were drilled for information about the country that they had left. Advisers of President John Kennedy thought that the US could easily overthrow the government of Cuba
On the morning of April 15, 1961, three flights of Douglas B-26B Invader light bomber aircraft displaying Cuban Fuerza Aerea Revolucionaria (FAR – Revolutionary Air Force) markings bombed and strafed the Cuban airfields of San Antonio de Los Baños, Antonio Maceo International Airport, and the airfield at Ciudad Libertad. attacks, though planned did were not carried out because of communication problems.
In the end the mission failed, but not before scores of Cubans were killed.
On October 25 The united States along with several other countries invaded the tiny nation of Grenada. The invasion was to overthrew the government of Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard. With only 1,200 members of the People’s Revolutionary Army they were quickly able to
finish their task and a new government was formed by the Governor-General.
1989 The Invasion of Panama
The invasion of Panama took place after more than a year of heated tension between the States and Panama. The dictator in charge, Manuel Noriega protested the harsh sanctions put on his country. The States protested the hostile government.
Listing four reasons to invade ( Safeguarding the lives of U.S. citizens in Panama, Defending democracy and human rights in Panama, Combating drug trafficking and Protecting the integrity of the Torrijos-Carter Treaties.) George Bush, Sr. ordered the invasion on December 20, 1989. The conflict was over when Noriega surrendered to American authorities on January 3, 1990.
The short action took the lives of 18 US soldiers. Many more Panamanian were killed, a large percentage civilians.
1990-1991 Persian Gulf War
Five days after Iraq invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990 troops from the US were deployed to the region. Several reasons have been given for the States involvement, from oil to the abuses that Saddam Hussein put on his people. The bottom line though was to get Iraq out of Kuwait. Massive bombing took place on both sides of the offense. President Bush declared a cease-fire and on February 27 declared that Kuwait had been liberated.
Coalition military deaths have been reported to be around 378. The aftermath is still being seen today. Chemicals used during the war have had lasting effects. Many suffer from “Gulf War Syndrome.”
In how many countries do we now have American combat troops?
According to the Defense Department’s Base Structure Report, FY 2002, U.S. troops are stationed in 156 countries. There are only 46 countries left without an American military presence.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Serbia and Montenegro
Trinidad and Tobago
United Arab Emirates
part two coming soon, focusing on the present invasions