Tag Archives: united states

Map of the Lakota Nation Revealed

Declaring freedom is a powerful responsibility. Can the Lakotah provide for it’s people without making their desperate conditions even harsher? Will the release of their map cause problems with the United States government? What is Lakotah’s next step?

“The free Lakota nation is regaining the original natural territory of its unceeded land,” said Lakota Freedom Delegate Canupa Gluha Mani (Duane Martin Sr.). “The white man promised that as long as the grass grows and the rivers flow this land will always be yours[the Lakota]. This promise still lives within the heart of the Lakota Nation.”

The Lakota Freedom Delegation does not speak for the Lakota people. They do not act for those who have been “colonized” not wanting the freedom the Delegation is proposing.

The first mandate for the Lakota Nation was the Declaration of Indigenous Rights in September of 2007. The second mandate is the returning to the original status they once had as a free and Independent Nations. That process began with the notification the the Department of State of the United States of America that they were withdrawing from all Treaties and Agreements that had previously been entered into between the US and the Lakota.

The United States of America has continually violated the independent Native Peoples of this continent by Executive action, Legislative fiat and Judicial decision. By
its actions, the U.S. has denied all Native people their International Treaty rights, Treaty lands and basic human rights of freedom and sovereignty. This same U.S. Government,
which fought to throw off the yoke of oppression and gain its own independence, has now reversed its role and become the oppressor of sovereign Native people.

Might does not make right. Sovereign people of varying cultures have the absolute right to live in harmony with Mother Earth so long as they do not infringe upon this same right of other peoples. The denial of this right to any sovereign people, such as the Native American Indian Nations, must be challenged by truth and action. World concern must focus on all colonial governments to the end that sovereign people everywhere shall live as they choose; in peace with dignity and freedom.

The International Indian Treaty Conference hereby adopts this Declaration of Continuing Independence of the Sovereign Native American Indian Nations. In the course of these human events, we call upon the people of the world to support this struggle for our sovereign rights and our treaty rights. We pledge our assistance to all other sovereign people who seek their own independence.

Lakota Oyate have just released a map of national boundaries which will they believe will change five states in the United States. They released the map in order for the US government to begin the process of planning governmental initiatives without the massive land that the Lakota Nation has taken back.

Now the Lakota people start the process of reclaiming what they had lost for decades. They are recovering their natural land base without interference or help from the United States government. They claim that at the forefront is protecting sacred sites and confrontation with exploitative government and private enterprises that have damaged by removing or polluting Lakota lands. As they work through that simple common things will have to be taken care of also. Passports, drivers licenses and dealing with those who are not Lakota who reside on their land. There is a call for the members of the new Nation not to pay taxes.

They do have the backing of several countries including Bolivia.

Bolivian Ambassador Gustavo Guzman, who attended the press conference out of solidarity, said he takes the Lakotas’ declaration of independence seriously.

“We are here because the demands of indigenous people of America are our demands,” Guzman said. “We have sent all the documents they presented to the embassy to our ministry of foreign affairs in Bolivia and they’ll analyze everything.”

As the tribal leaders make these grand announcements do they have the backing of their people? Are these leaders, many of whom have police and prison records according to a private source qualified to “take back” what time has stolen from the Lakota people? Those in the lead of this process have faced allegations in the past of being corrupt and taking from the very people that they serve. How will they deal with their own past as they work to rebuild their once proud nation?

Will the change of who is in “charge” improve the crime levels in this land? Will rapes remain uninvestigated? Will the women’s shelter that takes care of those abused by their mates be maintained in a better fashion? Will cut phone lines be fixed quickly unlike now where months can pass? Or will it remain as the shelter’s director stated, “This is a lawless land where people are making up their own laws because there’s no justice being done.”

Those answers will be in the next installment.

Canupa Gluha Mani added, “The He Sapa will never be for sale, its just returning to its natural owners, the Lakota Independent Nation.”

op-ed: Lakota Nation Withdraws From United States

On December 19, 2007 the Lakota Sioux people declared sovereign nation status in Washington D.C. after the withdrawal from all signed treaties with the United States government.

“Today is a historic day and our forefathers speak through us. Our Forefathers made the treaties in good faith with the sacred Canupa and with the knowledge of the Great Spirit,” shared Garry Rowland from Wounded Knee. “They never honored the treaties, that’s the reason we are here today.”

The withdrawal of all treaties was hand delivered to Daniel Turner, Deputy Director of Public Liaison of the State Department. The full document is here.

A four member Lakota delegation, activist and actor Russell Means, Women of All Red Nations (WARN) founder Phyllis Young, Oglala Lakota Strong Heart Society leader Duane Martin Sr., and Garry Rowland, Leader Chief Big Foot Riders traveled to Washington D.C. to claim their people’s destiny.

“In order to stop the continuous taking of our resources – people, land, water and children- we have no choice but to claim our own destiny,” said Phyllis Young, a former Indigenous representative to the United Nations and representative from Standing Rock.
Property ownership in the five state area of Lakota now takes center stage. Parts of North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Wyoming and Montana have been illegally homesteaded for years despite knowledge of Lakota as predecessor sovereign [historic owner]. Lakota representatives say if the United States does not enter into immediate diplomatic negotiations, liens will be filed on real estate transactions in the five state region, clouding title over literally thousands of square miles of land and property.

Young added, “The actions of Lakota are not intended to embarrass the United States but to simply save the lives of our people”.

After the withdrawal from the State Department the Lakota representatives began the process of meeting with foreign embassy officials to hasten their official return to the Family of Nations. Bolivia and Venezuela both have had positive reactions.

The Lakota people live in the most impoverished area of North America. There has been a legacy of broken treaty promises and apartheid policies between the tribe and the United States. Lakota has the highest death rate in the United States and its male population has the lowest life expectancy of any nation on this globe at the young age of 44. Teen suicide rates are 150% higher than the United States average. 3% of the Lakota nation live above the national poverty line and only 15% are gainfully employed.

“After 150 years of colonial enforcement, when you back people into a corner there is only one alternative,” emphasized Duane Martin Sr. “The only alternative is to bring freedom into its existence by taking it back to the love of freedom, to our lifeway.”

Now the Lakota people are taking stock of their priorities; education, energy and justice. By using solar, wind, geothermal and sugar beets to provide electricity and heat they hope to become energy independent. There are plans to mesh cultural immersion education to protect their language, culture and sovereignty.

One very telling difference is the address of a story, Wounded Knee, Lakotah (formerly South Dakota) that change is in the air. 44 riders began a ride under the weight of United States treaties at Standing Rock on December 15 287 miles from Wounded Knee. They completed the ride 13 days later a new sovereign nation.

“The purpose is to ride the spirit trail of Chief Big Foot,” said Tegihya Kte also known as Garry Rowland, leader of the riders and recent delegate of the Lakotah Freedom effort in Washington D.C.. “The Tree of Life died in Wounded Knee in 1890, and the ride was begun to mend the Sacred Hoop.”

Is it to late though for the Lakota people? Have the decades that they have been opposed be undone? Will they be able to stand on their own two feet without aid? Are their tribal leaders to immersed in corruption to lift all of their people up? Will the mighty reign over those that have lost hope for the future?

Only time will tell.

U.S. Navy Exercise Has Unwelcomed Guest

When the United States do military exercises they take the security of the activity very seriously. On a recent exercise though a Chinese submarine popped up in the middle of an exercise undetected.

The exercise was conducted in the ocean between Japan and Taiwan using the U.S.S. Kitty Hawk. The Kitty Hawk carries 4,500 personnel aboard. Somehow a Chinese submarine slipped into the waters during the exercise completely undetected. The Chinese vessel is a 13 Song Class sub that is extremely quiet when using electric motors. By the time the 160ft Song Class surfaced it could have launched missiles into the Kitty Hawk. This was a major embarrassment for the Pentagon.

Not only are Navy officials red-faced at the breach of security but having to deal with the truth. the Chinese naval fleet is much more sophisticated than the U.S. had given them credit for.

Not only did the Kitty Hawk not detect the sub but neither did at least a dozen other warships that were supposed to protect the mighty warship. There were also at least two U.S. submarines in the area that failed to spot the Chinese war craft. Had this been a hostile mission the United States would have paid in countless lost lives.

The result was a volley of diplomatic exchanges between the two nations. The Americans demanded to know why the submarine was shadowing the U.S. fleet. Beijing says that it was just a coincidence and they were not aware of the exercise that was being conducted.

Analysts through think that China was trying to give the U.S. a message that their military prowess is better than anyone thought. If that is the case it worked.

Commodore Stephen Saunders said “It was certainly a wake-up call for the Americans.

“It would tie in with what we see the Chinese trying to do, which appears to be to deter the Americans from interfering or operating in their backyard, particularly in relation to Taiwan.”

Just this past January the Chinese shoot down a missile in orbit during a military missile test. It was the first time that they had done so.

39 Terror Suspects Are Missing — Are They Ghost Detainees?

A coalition of human rights groups are asking the where abouts of 39 terror suspects. The groups including Amnesty International have printed out a list of the missing “ghost detainees”.

The speculation that the United States have hidden some of the men came from interviews with former prisoners and officials in the United States, Pakistan, Yemen and Afghanistan.

“What we’re asking is where are these 39 people now, and what’s happened to them since they ‘disappeared’?” Joanne Mariner of Human Rights Watch said in a statement.

The CIA has been known to “hide”some detainees in the past which makes the questions reasonable. Last year it was revealed that detainees were held in secret prisons dotting Europe and beyond.

“The plain truth is that we act in strict accord with American law, and that our counter terror initiatives — which are subject to careful review and oversight — have been very effective in disrupting plots and saving lives,”CIA spokesman Paul Gimigliano said. “The United States does not conduct or condone torture.”

The group is admitting that some of the information may be incomplete. Some of those interviewed only remember seeing photos while they were detained. In another case one on the list “al-Rubaia” was added because someone saw his name on a wall. That said, 21 of the detainees in question have been conformed by at least two sources.

In September 2006 Bush admitted that there had been secret detention centres. In the same statement he said they were now empty and the men had been sent to Guantanamo Bay.

“We wanted (the detainees’) names in the public eye because of the impression that this is over, this is finished, and they’re not doing this anymore,”Anne Fitzgerald of Amnesty International said. “That’s clearly not the case.”

Among those missing is Mohammed Omar Abdel-Rahman, the son of the “Blind Sheik” behind the first plot of the World Trade Centre. Hassan Ghul and Ali Abd al-Rahman al-Faqasi al-Ghamdi are both on the list of missing detainees. They are tagged as al-Qaida operatives. One of the most wanted Mustafa Setmarian Nasar was seized in Quetta in November 2005 but is no where to be seen.

Others on the list were handed over to the United States and have never been heard from again.

The four other groups involved in drafting the report were the Center for Constitutional Rights in New York, the Center for Human Rights and Global Justice at New York University’s School of Law, and Reprieve and Cageprisoners — both London-based rights groups.

part 2 special report: History of American War Involvement Post WW2

At the present time the United States is involved in three wars. We all hear nightly about the war in Iraq and Afghanistan, yet since 1999 the military has been in Serbia as well.

The Serbian invasion was an act with NATO. Designed to destroy the Serbian air defenses and stop the ethnic killings, NATO and it’s Allies had to battle bad weather as well as the Serbian army. Within weeks of the “peacekeeping” campaign 850,000 people had fled causing a huge refugee exodus. The official war stopped 12 June, 1999. That doesn’t mean the battles have gone away, nor has the presence of the US military.

After 9/11 the Bush administration pushed to fight the terrorists where they lived. Thus October 7, 2001 in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States Afghanistan was invaded. The purpose of the invasion was to capture the mastermind behind the World Trade Towers attack, Bin Laden and other key members of the Taliban.. He has yet to be captured.

At the start of the war it looked like the mission would be quick and successful. The Taliban’s numbers were greatly reduced and they were removed from power. That power shift did not last with the Taliban increasing in power since 2003.

Since the invasion Afghanistan has become a very unstable government. The people suffer in poverty and fear. Bombings are a daily occurrence.

In 2006 NATO began the process of replacing U.S. troops with their International Security Assistance Force. That force is mostly made up of troops from Britain, Australia, Canada and the Netherlands.

The country has been named a failed state.

The Iraq War began on March 20, 2003. The end of the war is no where in sight. Rationale for the war offered by the George W. Bush administration at the time of invasion was that Iraq possessed an arsenal of weapons of mass destruction which posed an “urgent threat” . Later the facts came out that this was not the case. Saddam Hussein’s government was quickly overthrown. After a brief period of hiding out the displaced dictator was captured and fled for trial. That trial finished earlier this year and Hussein was executed for his crimes against the people he ruled.

The cost of both military and civilian lives add up daily. The unstable government and the insurgents both using guerrilla style warfare. Car bombs are a daily occurrence.

The American public remains spilt about the war, although most supporting the troops regardless of how they view the war.

additional resources:


special report: History of American War Involvement Post WW2

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The last war that the United States entered into with approval of the Congress was the second World War. Since that time the States have violated it’s own Article I Section 8 of the Constitution several times.

With several of those war being renamed as conflicts to bypass the very foundation of the law of the United States. The “conflicts” that have been entered to were supposedly to reinstall peace. That was the way to get the UN to approve such junctions. Until the current war with Iraq which even violated the United Nations.

The wars (conflicts) that the States have entered into since WW2?

1950-1953 Korean War
1960-1975 Vietnam War
1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion
1983 Grenada
1989 US Invasion of Panama
1990-1991 Persian Gulf War
1995-1996 Intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovina
1999 – present U.S. invasion and occupation of Serbia
2001 – present U.S. invasion and occupation of Afghanistan
2003 – present U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq

What was the outcomes of the some of the “conflicts” mentioned?

The Korean War

Started on June 25, 1950 the official cease fire finish was July 27, 1953. Started by the invasion of South Korea by the South Korean army Sunday, June 25, 1950, the attack surprised the world.

America entered the war for many reasons, one of which was that Truman had appeared too “soft” when dealing with Communist countries. What a better way to disprove that then to enter into the war.

American troops were for a time under orders to consider any Korean civilians on the battlefield approaching their position as hostile and were instructed to “neutralize” them due to fears of infiltration.

Results of that action were the horrors like the murders of No Gun Ri, where women, children and old men were shot by the military.

During this 3 year conflict over 53,000 Americans lost their lives. A total of 8,142 U.S. personnel were also listed as Missing In Action.

Results of the war? The two Korean countries are still battling each other, as they had been for decades before the action. American troops are still maintaining a heavy presence.

The Vietnam War

The American part of the war with Vietnam officially started in 1959, although there had already been a large amount of troops deployed to the country since 1954. The official end of the war was April 30,1975 with the Fall of Saigon.

The war claimed 58,000 U.S. combat dead and the lives of between 2 and 5.7 million Vietnamese, a large number of whom were civilians. Although exact numbers are difficult to verify, the disparity in deaths illustrated the overwhelming superiority of U.S. firepower.

The war was a turning point for the American people. Protests were held as more and more people opposed the war. Returning veterans were treated with hatred and called among other things “baby killer.” The ravages of the battlefield wore many soldiers out, coupled with the treatment at home.

The result of the war? America lost. The Vietnam countries fell in 1975 to the Khmer Rouge.

The war still haunts us. The chemicals used in warfare have had lasting effects.

The U.S. Veterans Administration has listed prostate cancer, respiratory cancers, multiple myeloma, type II diabetes, Hodgkin’s disease, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, soft tissue sarcoma, chloracne, porphyria cutanea tarda, peripheral neuropathy, and spina bifida in children of veterans exposed to Agent Orange as possible side effects of their parent’s exposure to the herbicides.[citation needed] Although there has been much discussion over whether the use of these defoliants constituted a violation of the laws of war, it must be noted that the defoliants were not considered weapons, since exposure to them did not lead to immediate death or even incapacitation.

1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion

After the Cuban Revolution tensions were strong between Cuba and the United States. Starting in 1960 exiles from Cuba were drilled for information about the country that they had left. Advisers of President John Kennedy thought that the US could easily overthrow the government of Cuba

On the morning of April 15, 1961, three flights of Douglas B-26B Invader light bomber aircraft displaying Cuban Fuerza Aerea Revolucionaria (FAR – Revolutionary Air Force) markings bombed and strafed the Cuban airfields of San Antonio de Los Baños, Antonio Maceo International Airport, and the airfield at Ciudad Libertad. attacks, though planned did were not carried out because of communication problems.

In the end the mission failed, but not before scores of Cubans were killed.

1983 Grenada

On October 25 The united States along with several other countries invaded the tiny nation of Grenada. The invasion was to overthrew the government of Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard. With only 1,200 members of the People’s Revolutionary Army they were quickly able to
finish their task and a new government was formed by the Governor-General.

1989 The Invasion of Panama

The invasion of Panama took place after more than a year of heated tension between the States and Panama. The dictator in charge, Manuel Noriega protested the harsh sanctions put on his country. The States protested the hostile government.

Listing four reasons to invade ( Safeguarding the lives of U.S. citizens in Panama, Defending democracy and human rights in Panama, Combating drug trafficking and Protecting the integrity of the Torrijos-Carter Treaties.) George Bush, Sr. ordered the invasion on December 20, 1989. The conflict was over when Noriega surrendered to American authorities on January 3, 1990.

The short action took the lives of 18 US soldiers. Many more Panamanian were killed, a large percentage civilians.

1990-1991 Persian Gulf War

Five days after Iraq invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990 troops from the US were deployed to the region. Several reasons have been given for the States involvement, from oil to the abuses that Saddam Hussein put on his people. The bottom line though was to get Iraq out of Kuwait. Massive bombing took place on both sides of the offense. President Bush declared a cease-fire and on February 27 declared that Kuwait had been liberated.

Coalition military deaths have been reported to be around 378. The aftermath is still being seen today. Chemicals used during the war have had lasting effects. Many suffer from “Gulf War Syndrome.”

In how many countries do we now have American combat troops?
According to the Defense Department’s Base Structure Report, FY 2002, U.S. troops are stationed in 156 countries. There are only 46 countries left without an American military presence.

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Costa Rica
Cote D’lvoire
Czech Republic
Dominican Republic
East Timor
El Salvador

New Zealand
North Korea
Saudi Arabia
Serbia and Montenegro
Sierra Leone
South Africa
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Trinidad and Tobago
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
Angola Rwanda
Armenia Slovakia
Gabon Somalia
Guyana Sudan
Moldova Uzbekistan

addition resources:


part two coming soon, focusing on the present invasions